Cumberland House

Frederick William Cumberland was born in London, England in 1821 and came to Toronto in 1847. He entered into a partnership with William George Storm and together they designed and built many public buildings around the city, including University College. They designed and built this Italianate villa in 1857-1860. The original grounds, purchased from the Baldwin's, ran south of College St., with the house facing east, towards the University of Toronto Campus. The house was originally named "Pendarves" (sometimes spelled Pendarvis or Pendaris) which is the Cornish word for "meeting place".

After Cumberland's death in 1881, the house was sold to A. Morgan Cosby in 1884 and renamed Maplehearn. He made a wide range of changes to the house, including re-orienting it towards St. George St. The property changed hands a couple more times before it was leased to the Government of Ontario as a temporary residence for the lieutenant governor - "Government House" - before Chorley Park was complete.

In 1923 the property was sold to the University of Toronto and was renamed Baldwin House and used for a number of purposes, including the University of Toronto Press. In the mid 1960's it was renovated and restored to become the International Student Centre, when it was renamed to Cumberland House.

It still stands today at 33 St. George Street, just north of College, and is one of only two remaining private houses built by Frederic Cumberland, Cumberland & Ridout, or Cumberland & Storm.

List of all subjects. You can also see all the historic photos for a given neighbourhood. We also have a list of all the photos arranged by date.

And you can also go up a level to see the other photos we've put under the category of Estates_and_Houses photos.

And you can also go up a level to see the other photos we've put under the category of Government House photos.

1886 Historic photo from 1886 - Horse and carriage outside Cumberland House in University of Toronto (U of T)Horse and carriage outside Cumberland House
131 years ago - University of Toronto (U of T) - 1886
Link to archive record - Map location (From the University of Toronto Archives)
1898 Historic photo from 1898 - Cumberland House also known as Maplehearn - 33 St. George St in University of Toronto (U of T)Cumberland House also known as Maplehearn - 33 St. George St
119 years ago - University of Toronto (U of T) - 1898
Link to archive record - Map location (From the University of Toronto Archives)
1910 Historic photo from 1910 - Frederic W. Cumberland house on  St. George St., e. side, n. of College St. in University of Toronto (U of T)Frederic W. Cumberland house on St. George St., e. side, n. of College St.
107 years ago - University of Toronto (U of T) - 1910
Link to archive record - Map location (From the Toronto Public Library)
1911 Historic photo from 1911 - Cumberland House also known as Pendaris in University of Toronto (U of T)Cumberland House also known as Pendaris
106 years ago - University of Toronto (U of T) - 1911
Link to archive record - Map location (From the City of Toronto Archives)
1946 Historic photo from Monday, April 1, 1946 - Baldwin House , Dept. of Political Economy Building - now Cumberland House in University of Toronto (U of T)Baldwin House , Dept. of Political Economy Building - now Cumberland House
71 years ago - University of Toronto (U of T) - Monday, April 1, 1946
Max temp: 10.6°C - Min temp: -1.1°C (weather details)
Link to archive record - Map location (From the University of Toronto Archives)
1950 Historic photo from 1950 - Cumberland house, St. George St., e. side, n. of College St. in University of Toronto (U of T)Cumberland house, St. George St., e. side, n. of College St.
67 years ago - University of Toronto (U of T) - 1950
Link to archive record - Map location (From the Toronto Public Library)
2011 Historic photo from 2011 - Pendarves - Cumberland House Historical Plaque in University of Toronto (U of T)Pendarves - Cumberland House Historical Plaque
6 years ago - University of Toronto (U of T) - 2011
Link to archive record - Map location